frameless toughened glass balustrade systems
glazed balustrade, called Langan in ancient China, also known as Goulan, are safety facilities on bridges and buildings. The glazed balustrade play the role of separation and guidance in use, so that the boundary of the divided area is clear and clear, and the designed glazed balustrade are very decorative. There are similar glazed balustrade on the ceremonial seat of the Zhou Dynasty. In the Han Dynasty, the horizontal lattice glazed balustrade were the most common. In the Six Dynasties, hooks and hooks were prevalent. The pillars at the corners of the glazed balustrade or the ones made by looking for the rod and twisting can be seen in the Yungang Grottoes and Dunhuang murals. The wooden glazed balustrade in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties were relatively slender, while the stone glazed balustrade gradually separated from the shape of the wooden glazed balustrade and tended to be heavy. After the late Qing Dynasty, Western classical proportions, scales and decorative glazed balustrade entered China. Modern glazed balustrade are more diverse in materials and shapes.
Imitation wood guardrail applied to the protection of both sides of the river
Imitation wood guardrail applied to the protection of both sides of the river
In terms of form, glazed balustrade can be divided into two types: internode type and continuous type. The former is composed of uprights, handrails and transoms, and the handrails are supported on the uprights; the latter has continuous handrails, which are composed of handrails, glazed balustrade and bases. Common types are: wooden toughened glass balustrade, stone toughened glass balustrade, stainless steel toughened glass balustrade, cast iron toughened glass balustrade, cast stone toughened glass balustrade, cement toughened glass balustrade, combined toughened glass balustrade.
Generally, the height of the low column is 0.2 to 0.3 meters, the middle column is 0.8 to 0.9 meters, and the high column is 1.1 to 1.3 meters. The moment between the toughened glass balustrade is generally 0.5 to 2 meters.
There are two types of hollow and solid. The hollow ones are composed of poles and armrests, and some are equipped with rungs or flower ornaments. The solid ones are composed of toughened glass balustrade, handrails, and also partially hollowed out. The railing can also be made into a bench or backrest type. The design of toughened glass balustrade should consider safety, applicability, beauty, space saving and convenient construction.
Construct Edit Broadcast
Materials for building frameless railing are wood, stone, concrete, brick, tile, bamboo, metal, plexiglass and plastic. The height of the railing mainly depends on the object and place of use, and is generally 900 mm high; the stair frameless railing in kindergartens and primary schools can also be built in the form of double handrails for adults and children respectively; in high-risk areas, the height can be increased as appropriate. When the width of the stairs exceeds 1.4 meters, a double-sided handrail should be set up (one side against the wall should be set with a handrail against the wall). In residential buildings, frameless railing should not have large gaps or climbable rungs.
Iron frameless railing
The glass balustrade systems and the base are connected in the following forms: ①Plug-in type: Insert the open-footed flat iron, barbed iron, etc. into the holes reserved in the base, and fill and consolidate with cement mortar or fine stone concrete slurry. ②Welding type: Weld the railing column (or pole) on the steel plate, casing and other iron parts embedded in the base. ③Bolt type: It can be used for socket connection with embedded nuts, or use the bottom nut to fasten the vertical rod that runs through the base plate. The above method is also applicable to side bracing iron frameless railing.
reinforced concrete railing
Multi-purpose prefabricated vertical poles, the lower end is connected with the base reinforced by welding or embedded iron, and the upper end is connected with the steel bars in the concrete handrail, and it is poured.
Mainly mortise. If it is a watch column, the bottom of the column should be inserted into the stair inclined beam, and the handrail should be connected with the watch column.
The balustrade type balustrade can be cast-in-place or prefabricated reinforced concrete slabs and steel mesh cement slabs, or bricks. Indoors can also consider the use of tempered glass and plexiglass.
The handrails are mostly made of wood, and are often fixed to the long flat iron bars at the top of the poles with wood screws (tenon joints are used for wooden poles). It can also be welded and screwed with metal or lined with metal, decorated with wood and plastic surfaces, or for concrete pouring, terrazzo plastering, etc. Section form and size should be based on functional needs.
Stone glass balustrade systems
It is made of marble or granite, with a stone handrail on the top and a stone railing in the middle. The bottom plate below is optional according to needs. If it is the beginning of the stairs, there is a large general column. The splices are mainly connected by iron bars and special marble glue. Because it is made of natural stone through physical processing, it has strong anti-aging ability, thick appearance and modern flavor. Granite is mainly used outdoors, and marble is used indoors.
Cast Stone Railing
Foundry stone generally refers to GRC cement prefabricated products containing quartz sand, similar to imitation white marble guardrails. The process is relatively simple, because it is produced by molds and can be produced in large quantities, which greatly reduces the cost of municipal bridge guardrail landscapes. There are generally two approaches in the industry.
One is that quartz sand is mixed with GRC cement as the main material. The second is as a surface real stone paint finish. The first treatment method must wait for the product to be cured with high-pressure sandblasting on the surface to achieve the sandstone effect. High-pressure sandblasting requires professional equipment, so the maintenance and construction must be carried out in the factory, so the entire cycle will be much longer. The second treatment method is to spray real stone paint on the surface, which only needs an ordinary air compressor for construction. The product can be delivered to the site after five to seven days of maintenance in the factory, and it can be maintained on site. After the installation is completed, the maintenance is all in place, and the surface can be sprayed with real stone paint.
The specific process to be used depends on the requirements of the drawings and the actual situation of the project.
Features are as follows: It has weathering effect on the surface of natural sandstone, with various surface shapes. All performance indicators have been tested by the National Building Materials Testing Center, and they all exceed natural stone, with a service life of more than 50 years. Compared with stone guardrails, it has better structure, better overall effect, faster production cycle and easier installation. Substitute stone, the price advantage is obvious; Substitute cement, the grade effect is outstanding.
Cast stone guardrail production site
Applications: rivers, bridges, dams, greening, municipal, etc.
Laminated glass guardrail
Use stainless steel column and A3 steel column, the column accessories lock the glass, the glass is mostly 6+6 safety dry-clamped glass, stainless steel round tube handrail, the characteristic is glass as the main accessory, the style is relatively modern, suitable for transparent buildings And high-end shopping malls and other public places.
Laminated glass guardrail editing broadcast
The glass in the middle of the column and the handrail, the glass area is small, it mainly highlights the sense of the column, and the sense of simplicity is particularly strong, which is suitable for most modern garden balcony glazed balustrade.
steel wire fence
In the middle column, the interval clips are less than 12CM of steel wire. For the sake of safety, the balcony glazed balustrade are mostly made of steel glazed balustrade, which are easy for children to climb, and the safety is not high. The steel wire guardrails are mostly used in public places such as stairs and overpasses.
Steel mesh fence
The steel mesh is connected in the middle of the column, which has high safety and is not conducive to cleaning. It is suitable for some public places as a baffle. The permeability is not high, but it can be regarded as a dynamic.
Aluminum alloy guardrail
Some modern buildings use aluminum alloy columns and handrails. In recent years, aluminum alloy glazed balustrade have been widely used, and aluminum alloy glazed balustrade have become a trend. The colors are changeable, the installation is stable, no rust, no discoloration, and anti-corrosion properties.
wrought iron glass balustrade systems
Iron glazed balustrade feel more classical, with great changes, more patterns, and old-fashioned styles. With the promotion of modern architecture, the use of iron glazed balustrade is temporarily less, which is a trend in society.
Zinc steel glass balustrade systems
Zinc steel railing is a kind of hot-dip galvanized railing with anti-corrosion technology on steel surface, which can play a role of chemical protection and has unique cutting edge corrosion resistance. For example, how to construct frameless sliding windows on zinc steel balcony glazed balustrade, etc.